All charts and data are courtesy of the 2017 Kansas Statistical Abstract, published by the University of Kansas.
The Kansas climate is a very important factor for everyone from farmers to scientists. With our variable climate, it is vital to know what to expect on a yearly basis in terms of weather, precipitation patterns, temperature ranges, and more. For farmers, climate can make or break their operation. Early winters are an issue when it comes to getting crops harvested in the mid-to-late fall. Freezing temperatures can kill crops, especially if they are unexpected and the farmers don't have a chance to get them harvested in time.
Temperature is a variable that fluctuates quite a lot over a year in Kansas. As shown in the graphic above, the average January temperature in our region in 2017 was 30.8 degrees Fahrenheit, and the average in July was 79.4 degrees F. For the year 2017, the northeast corner of Kansas had an average temperature of 55.5 degrees F.
Along with temperature, precipitation is a large variable for the state of Kansas. Some years are much more saturated than others, and this can pose both many benefits, and potentially many challenges at times. Shown in the chart below is the average precipitation by county in KS from 1981-2010. Too much rain can drown crops, and they can lose what they have grown. Not enough rain will cause crops not to grow to their full potential, and possibly die due to occasionally excessive heat throughout the state.The counties included in the Greater Manhattan Economic Partnership are all included in the moderate-to-high category of inches of rainfall.
Precipitation Changes (2012 - 2017)
Air Pollution & Regional Air Quality
Air quality is measured by an index called "AQI" or Air Quality Index. This index tells you how clean or how dirty the air in your area is. It is measured in the range showed above. Shown below in the chart are some of the AQI values for our state and surrounding areas. Most days were within a healthy range, but some moved into the "Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups" category. The worst air quality of the 5 cities was in Kansas City, MO/KS. They had 7 Unhealthy days for Sensitive Groups, with a max Air Quality Index of 147.
Air Quality Table courtesy of the Environmental Protection Agency.